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Non-Domestic Energy Performance Certificates


In Scotland, Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) are required for all commercial and non-domestic properties.


Under the Energy Performance of Building Directive, Scotland is obliged to promote improvements in the energy performance for both new and existing buildings. Studies show that the world’s natural resources produce emissions – including CO2 – that have direct contributions to global warming. The Scottish Climate Change Bill has set targets to reduce CO2 emissions by 80% in 2050 and currently buildings account for 40% of all CO2 emissions.


The EPC states the energy efficiency of a building grounded on the purpose of the building. CO2 ratings are set in bands from A-G, where A is the least polluting. The performance of the building is benchmarked against the current building standards and the actions for cost-effective improvements are recommended.


The suggested actions intend to reduce the CO2 emissions produced, save energy and help make buildings more attractive to prospective tenants and buyers. In order to make the building more energy efficient, suggestions might include improvements to insulation, heating system or air conditioning system.


The building owner or vendor is responsible for providing the EPC at the time of sale or lease transaction. Prudent owners will make the EPC available to allow prospective owners or tenants to factor the energy performance into their decision-making processes, which must be available free of charge.


Public buildings occupied by institutions or public authorities exceeding 1000m² must have an EPC available.


EPCs last 10 years and must be renewed and fixed to the building. If major work is undertaken on the building, the owners may choose to update the certificate. As long as the EPC is still valid, it can be passed onto new owners or tenants.


Temporary buildings with a lifespan of fewer than two years and buildings under 50m² do not require EPCs.


EPCs have to be conducted by approved organisations and are then assessed by organisations such as RICS and BRE. We are approved to carry out EPCs and also have a team of qualified energy assessors.


Failure to comply with regulations to hold an EPC may lead to local authorities serving enforcement notices and, in some cases, they may refer matters to the Procurator Fiscal, which could result in a criminal conviction and a fine of up to £5,000 per building.


Contact your local Shepherd office today if you would like to discuss EPCs further, obtain a quotation or if you are unsure whether you require an EPC.

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